Saemaul Undong, Contributing to the Development of the Republic of Korea

Historical Significance

  • Saemaul Undong
  • Historical Significance

Saemaul Undong modernized Korean farming and fishery villages, and not only did the living environment of rural areas improve, but the quality of life for farmers improved as well.
Through the movement, many leaders were developed in farming and fishery villages and a mature culture of democratic discussion was establishment, contributing to the creation of grass-roots democracy.
Additionally, it managed to reform the attitude of the whole nation and consolidate the potential of the people, while the saving and increased income of farming households served to develop industry.
Considering this, the historical significance of Saemaul Undong during the 1970s can be summarized in three parts: contribution as a rural development movement, role as a nation-wide spiritual reform movement, and contribution as a national economic development movement.
The results of rural development eradicated poverty and established foundations for welfare farming and fishery villages, and the execution of the nation-wide spiritual reform movement provided the ideology of national modernization.
In the end, the success of Saemaul Undong led to real development of the national economy.