Saemaul Undong, Contributing to the Development of the Republic of Korea

Developmental Process during the 1970s

  • Saemaul Undong
  • Developmental Process during the 1970s

Regarding the long-term development plan drawn up in 1972, it is helpful in gaining a better understanding of the characteristics and true nature of Saemaul Undong during the 1970s to divide the long-term plan up into three stages.
The first long-term development plan was established with the goal of full-scale execution, having already achieved tangible results in previous trial projects.

Major details of the early years of Saemaul Undong by stage

  • Stage Year Goal Major details
  • Foundation establishment stage 1971~1973
    (3 years)
    - Ignition of Saemaul Spirit
    - Implementation of basic environment improvement projects
    - Implement the 10 Saemaul cultivation projects
    - Select Saemaul leaders and provide training and education
    - Classify villages according to development levels and provide priority/selective assistance
  • Self-help development stage 1974~1976
    (3 years)
    - Maintenance of standard of living
    - Expansion of production base
    - Expand to cities, workplaces, and factories
    - Hold education sessions for social leaders
    - Implement the three movements and four policies
  • Complete independence stage 1977~1981
    (5 years)
    - Completion of income base
    - Increase of farm household income
    - Implement Saemaul projects in wider areas
    - Implement welfare and environment improvement projects, such as repairing houses, etc.
    - Establish Saemaul implementation structure led by the private sector

The long-term development plan was divided into three stages: the foundation establishment stage, between 1971 and 1973; the self-help development stage, between 1974 and 1976; and the complete independence stage, between 1977 and 1981.
The foundation establishment stage focused on inspiring and vitalizing the Saemaul spirit through basic living condition improvement projects and simple income-generating businesses. The self-help development stage focused on completing the rural environment improvement projects and expanding production infrastructure through product-based and compound projects. Lastly, the stage of complete independence contributed to gradual development by completing the farm product-based and non-farm income projects and maximizing their incomes.